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Found 14 result(s)
Measurements Of Pollution In The Troposphere (MOPITT) was launched into sun-synchronous polar orbit on December 18, 1999, aboard TERRA, a NASA satellite orbiting 705 km above the Earth. MOPITT monitors changes in pollution patterns and the effects on Earth’s troposphere. MOPITT uses near-infrared radiation at 2.3 µm and thermal-infrared radiation at 4.7 µm to calculate atmospheric profiles of CO.
TES is the first satellite instrument to provide simultaneous concentrations of carbon monoxide, ozone, water vapor and methane throughout Earth’s lower atmosphere. This lower atmosphere (the troposphere) is situated between the surface and the height at which aircraft fly, and is an important part of the atmosphere that we often impact with our activities.
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The Karlsruher Wolkenatlas includes images of different cloud species and of some optical effects like circumzenithal arc, glories, and halos. Beside that phenomena like inversion or dust devil are shown. Another focus is on images of precipitation, different manifestations of precipation at earthground, rainbows and lightnings.
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An institutional repository at Graz University of Technology to enable storing, sharing and publishing research data, publications and open educational resources. It provides open access services and follows the FAIR principles.
SCISAT, also known as the Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment (ACE), is a Canadian Space Agency small satellite mission for remote sensing of the Earth's atmosphere using solar occultation. The satellite was launched on 12 August 2003 and continues to function perfectly. The primary mission goal is to improve our understanding of the chemical and dynamical processes that control the distribution of ozone in the stratosphere and upper troposphere, particularly in the Arctic. The high precision and accuracy of solar occultation makes SCISAT useful for monitoring changes in atmospheric composition and the validation of other satellite instruments. The satellite carries two instruments. A high resolution (0.02 cm-¹) infrared Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS) operating from 2 to 13 microns (750-4400 cm-¹) is measuring the vertical distribution of trace gases, particles and temperature. This provides vertical profiles of atmospheric constituents including essentially all of the major species associated with ozone chemistry. Aerosols and clouds are monitored using the extinction of solar radiation at 1.02 and 0.525 microns as measured by two filtered imagers. The vertical resolution of the FTS is about 3-4 km from the cloud tops up to about 150 km. Peter Bernath of the University of Waterloo is the principal investigator. A dual optical spectrograph called MAESTRO (Measurement of Aerosol Extinction in the Stratosphere and Troposphere Retrieved by Occultation) covers the 400-1030 nm spectral region and measures primarily ozone, nitrogen dioxide and aerosol/cloud extinction. It has a vertical resolution of about 1-2 km. Tom McElroy of Environment and Climate Change Canada is the principal investigator. ACE data are freely available from the University of Waterloo website. SCISAT was designated an ESA Third Party Mission in 2005. ACE data are freely available through an ESA portal.
This data repository provides access to the climatology of polar stratospheric clouds (PSC) observations of Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) onboard the Envisat satellite of the European Space Agency (ESA). The MIPAS instrument operated from July 2002 until April 2012. The infrared limb emission measurements provide a unique dataset of day and night observations of polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs) up to both poles.
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Entry will be updated within the next weeks. --- In the meantime, look for some information at: https://www.klimadiagramme.de/ and https://www.klimadiagramme.de/Europa/Karlsruhe/ka_klima.htm Wetter, Wolken, Klima is a collection of actual and archived climate dates of Germany since 2004. Based at KIT Meteorological Institute it includes special Cloud images from Karlsruhe, actual weather records based on 70 german stations, average snowfall and precipitation of Germany, weather warnings worldwide with archive, satellite images worldwide, actual weather radar worldwide, analyses and prognosis and precipitation rate of Baden-Württemberg.
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Entry will be updated within the next weeks. --- In the meantime, look for some information at: https://www.klimadiagramme.de/ and https://www.klimadiagramme.de/Europa/Karlsruhe/ka_klima.htm Day averages, maximum, minimum and month sums of the precipitation of about 70 German stations with archive since 2008.
To understand the global surface energy budget is to understand climate. Because it is impractical to cover the earth with monitoring stations, the answer to global coverage lies in reliable satellite-based estimates. Efforts are underway at NASA and universities to develop algorithms to do this, but such projects are in their infancy. In concert with these ambitious efforts, accurate and precise ground-based measurements in differing climatic regions are essential to refine and verify the satellite-based estimates, as well as to support specialized research. To fill this niche, the Surface Radiation Budget Network (SURFRAD) was established in 1993 through the support of NOAA's Office of Global Programs.
On February 24, 2000, Terra began collecting what will ultimately become a new, 15-year global data set on which to base scientific investigations about our complex home planet. Together with the entire fleet of EOS spacecraft, Terra is helping scientists unravel the mysteries of climate and environmental change. TERRA's data collection instruments include: Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER), Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES), Multi-angle Imaging Spectro-Radiometer (MISR), Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), Measurement of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT)
The Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite measures the ozone layer in our upper atmosphere—tracking the status of global ozone distributions, including the ‘ozone hole.’ It also monitors ozone levels in the troposphere, the lowest layer of our atmosphere. OMPS extends out 40-year long record ozone layer measurements while also providing improved vertical resolution compared to previous operational instruments. Closer to the ground, OMPS’s measurements of harmful ozone improve air quality monitoring and when combined with cloud predictions; help to create the Ultraviolet Index, a guide to safe levels of sunlight exposure. OMPS has two sensors, both new designs, composed of three advanced hyperspectralimaging spectrometers.The three spectrometers: a downward-looking nadir mapper, nadir profiler and limb profiler. The entire OMPS suite currently fly on board the Suomi NPP spacecraft and are scheduled to fly on the JPSS-2 satellite mission. NASA will provide the OMPS-Limb profiler.
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Within the RESIF-EPOS observation research infrastructure and the Action Spécifique RESIF-GNSS action, the Reseau National GNSS permanent (RENAG) is the network of GNSS observation stations of French universities and research organizations. It is currently composed of 85 GNSS stations (Global Navigation Satellite System such as GPS, GLONASS, Galileo). The scientific objectives of RESIF-RENAG range from the quantification of the slow deformation in France to the sounding of the atmosphere (troposphere and ionosphere), through the measurement of sea-level variations and the characterization of transient movements related to overloads. Data production is carried out in a distributed way by the laboratories and organizations that manage the stations. 12 teams are specifically in charge of station maintenance and of accurately filling in the metadata files. A single data center, RENAG-DC, hosted at the Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur (OCA) within the Geoazur laboratory, is in charge of data management, from their collection to their distribution in the standard RINEX format (http://renag.resif.fr).
The Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report (TOAR) database of global surface observations is the world's most extensive collection of surface ozone measurements and includes also data on other air pollutants and on weather for some regions. Measurements from 1970 to 2019 (Version 1) have been collected in a relational database, and are made available via a graphical web interface, a REST service (https://toar-data.fz-juelich.de/api/v1) and as aggregated products on PANGAEA (https://doi.pangaea.de/10.1594/PANGAEA.876108). Measurements from 1970 to present (Version 2) are being collected in a relational database, and are made available via a REST service (https://toar-data.fz-juelich.de/api/v2).