The National Tibetan Plateau Data Center (TPDC) is one of the first of 20 national data centers established in 2019 by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China. It is the only data center in China with the most complete scientific data for the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding regions. TPDC provides online sharing protocols for data users, supplemented by offline sharing protocols, with bilingual data sharing in Chinese and English. There are more than 1,900 datasets shared by TPDC, covering geography, atmospheric science, cryospheric science, hydrology, ecology, geology, geophysics, natural resource science, social economy, and other fields. There are more than 31,600 registered users. TPDC complies with the “findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable (FAIR)” data sharing principle, and takes a series of measures to protect the intellectual property rights of data and to give credit to data authors. Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) are used for scientific data access, tracking, and citation. The Creative Commons 4.0 protocol is used for data re-distribution and re-use. Data users are required to cite the dataset and provide necessary acknowledgement in order to give credit to data authors as journal papers. The data citation references are provided on the TPDC landing page of each dataset.