The National Tibetan Plateau/Third Pole Environment Data Center (TPDC) is one of a first group of 20 national data centers approved by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China in 2019. It possesses the most comprehensive scientific data on the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding regions of any data centers in China. TPDC provides online and offline data download services according to TPDC data Sharing Protocol with bilingual of Chinese and English (https://data.tpdc.ac.cn/). There are more than 2400 datasets, covering geography, atmospheric science, cryospheric science, hydrology, ecology, geology, geophysics, natural resource science, social economy, and other fields. There are more than 30000 registered users. TPDC complies with the principle of “Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable (FAIR)”, and has adopted a series of measures to protect the intellectual property by giving credit to data providers. Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) are used for scientific data access, tracking, and citation. The Creative Commons 4.0 protocol is used for data re-distribution and re-use. Data users are required to cite the datasets and provide necessary acknowledgement in order to give credit to data authors as journal papers. The data citation references are provided on the TPDC landing page of each dataset.