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Country
Chinese National Arctic & Antarctic Data Center(CN-NADC) is a national facility within the Polar research institute of China (PRIC), which is a research institute under the State Oceanic Administration (SOA) of China. CN-NADC was established in response to Chinese participation in the Article III.1.c of Antarctic Treaty System - (ATS — http://www.ats.aq) and Chinese Polar Data Policy(http://www.chinare.org.cn/standardDetail/?id=477). CN-NADC serves as the only authorized institution in China to capture, standard manage and long-term preserve the data and samples information, and to provide sustainable polar data service. In 2003, CN-NADC became one of the nodes of ‘National Data Sharing Infrastructure of Earth Science’ (GEODATA,http://www.geodata.cn/), which’s one of the Platforms of the National Science and Technology Infrastructures (NSTI, http://www.escience.gov.cn/) supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) and the Ministry of Finance of People’s Republic of China.
Country
As the third center for oceanography of the World Data Center following WDC-A of the United States and WDC-B of Russia, WDC-D for oceanography boasts long-term and stable sources of domestic marine basic data. The State Oceanic Administration now has long-term observations obtained from the fixed coastal ocean stations, offshore and oceanic research vessels, moored and drifting buoys. More and more marine data have been available from the Chinese-foreign marine cooperative surveys, analysis and measurement of laboratory samples, reception by the satellite ground station, aerial telemeter and remote sensing, the GOOS program and global ships of opportunity reports, etc; More marine data are being and will be obtained from the ongoing “863” program, one of the state key projects during the Ninth Five-year plan and the seasat No 1 which is scheduled to be launched next year. Through many years’ effort, the WDC-D for oceanography has established formal relationship of marine data exchange with over 130 marine institutions in more than 60 countries in the world and is maintaining a close relationship of data exchange with over 30 major national oceanographic data centers. The established China Oceanic Information Network has joined the international marine data exchange system via Internet. Through these channels, a large amount data have been acquired of through international exchange, which, plus the marine data collected at home for many years, has brought the WDC-D for Oceanography over 100 years’ global marine data with a total data amounting to more than 10 billion bytes. In the meantime, a vast amount of work has been done in the standardized and normalized processing and management of the data, and a series of national and professional standards have been formulated and implemented successively. Moreover, appropriate standards and norms are being formulated as required.