The collection contains stature-related and other anthropometric data of 7686 skeletal individuals (including aggregated information for several individuals) from the prehistory of Southwest Asia and Europe. While the focus period of our collection is the Holocene ca. 10 000 to 1000 BC, the data collection also includes older specimens of anatomically modern humans (dating as early as 110 k BP in the case of Qafzeh). The upper date range in some cases extends to around 100 AD, although the great majority of datasets date no later than 600 BC. Correctness and completeness were pursued for all information relevant to stature, i.e. basic information such as sex (after Sjøvold 1988) and age (after Szilvássy 1988) as well as the long bone measurements, whereas other measurements were merely inherited from the two integrated older data bases and not explicitly checked. All measurements conform to the definitions given by Martin 1928. To grasp common publication practice in the literature, not only left and right body side, but also mean values from both sides as well as measurements with unknown siding have their own separate fields for the stature-related long bone measurements.